Region 2 - South Texas (Corpus Christi, Brownsville, Laredo, Del Rio)

Region 3 - Central Texas (Austin, Waco, College Station, San Antonio)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Table 1: Outstanding Grasses for Texas

Common name Scientific name Best adapted for Notes
Bermudagrass Cynodon dactylon
7
Good drought tolerance; produces dense turf; poor shade tolerance; seed or sod
Buffalograss1 Buchloe dactyloides
3, 4, 5, 6
Excellent drought tolerance; produces thin turf; poor shade tolerance; seeded
St. Augustinegrass Stenotaphrum secundatum
1, 2, 3, 4
Produces dense turf; good shade tolerance; poor drought tolerance; sodded
Zoysiagrass Zoysia spp.
7
Produces dense turf; good shade tolerance; good drought tolerance; sodded; varieties: Meyer and Emerald


1
Texas native 2 S = Sun; Sh = Full to partial shade; E = Either

 

Table 2. Outstanding Vines and Groundcovers for Texas.

Common name Scientific name Best adapted for Exposure Notes
Boston ivy Parthenocissus tricuspidata
7
E
Deciduous; fall color; clings to walls
Bougainvillea Bougainvillea sp.
2
S
Evergreen; many flower colors; plant outdoors in extreme southern Texas only or provide winter protection
Carolina jessamine Gelsemium sempervirens
1, 2, 3, 4
E
Evergreen; yellow spring flowers
Confederate jasmine Trachelospermum jasminoides
1, 2, 3, 4
E
Evergreen; fragrant white spring flowers
Coral honeysuckle1 Lonicera sempervirens
7
S
Coral flower in summer
Coralvine Antigonon leptopus
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Pink flowers in late summer and fall
English ivy Hedera helix
7
Sh
Evergreen; green or variegated foliage; shade loving
Fig ivy Ficus pumila (repens)
1, 2, 3, 4
E
Evergreen; clings to walls
Improved trumpet vine1 Camsis radicans
7
E
Orange flowers in summer and fall
Lady Banksia Rosa banksia
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Spring flowers in yellow or white
Mermaid rose Rosa x bractaeta
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Fragrant, pale yellow flowers; vigorous climber; pest resistant
Rosa x fortuniana Rosa x fortuniana
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Fragrant, white flowers; vigorous climber; pest resistant
Silverlace vine Polygonum aubertii
3, 4, 5, 6
E
Fluffly masses of white flowers
Virginia creeper1 Parthenocissus quinquefolia
7
E
Clings to walls; fall color
Wisteria Wisteria sp.
7
E
Blue clusters of flowers in spring
Goundcovers

Ajuga


Ajuga reptans

7

Sh

Variety of color foliage and blue flowers; requires well drained soil
Asiatic jasmine Trachelospermum asiaticum
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Evergreen; green or variegated foliage
Confederate jasmine Trachelospermum jasminoides
1, 2, 3
E
Evergreen; fragrant, white spring flowers
English ivy Hedera helix
7
Sh
Evergreen; green or variegated foliage
Liriope Liriope muscari
7
E
Evergreen, grass-like foliage; purple blooms; varieties: big blue, gigantic
Monkey grass Ophiopogon japonicus
7
E
Evergreen, grass-like foliage; dwarf and standard varieties
Prostrate rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis
2
S
Grayish-green, fragrant foliage; light blue flowers
Santolina Santolina sp.
3, 4, 5, 6
S
Species with green or silver foliage
Trailing juniper Juniperus sp.
3, 4, 5, 6
S
Several varieties available; not suitable for wet, humid areas
Vinca Vinca major
7
Sh
Blue flowers and dark green foliage

 

 


1
Texas native 2 S = Sun; Sh = Full to partial shade; E = Either

 

Table 3. Outstanding Perennials for Texas.

Common name Scientific name Best adapted for Exposure Flower color Flowering season Height
Autumn sage1 Salvia greggii
2, 3, 4, 6
S
White, red, pink, salmon Spring to fall
2-3 ft
Baby sun/sunray coreopsis1 Coreopsis grandiflora
7
S
Yellow, orange Late spring, summer
1 ft
Bearded iris Iris xiphioides
7
E
Many Spring
1-3 ft
Blue plumbago Plumbago auriculata
1, 2, 3
E
Blue, white Summer, fall
3 ft
Bouncing bet Sapinaria officinalis
7
E
Pink Summer
1-2 ft
Cigar plant Cuphea micropetala
1, 2, 3
E
Red/yellow Summer, fall
3-4 ft
Daylily Hemerocallis sp.
7
S
Many Spring, summer
1-3 ft
Firebush Hamelia patens
1, 2, 3
S
Reddish-orange Summer, fall
3-5 ft
Garden canna Canna x generalis
7
E
Yellow, red, pink, salmon Summer
2-4 ft
Goldsturm rudbeckia Rudbeckia x goldsturm
7
S
Yellow Summer
2 ft
Hinckley's columbine1 Aquilegia hinckleyana
2, 3, 5
Sh
Yellow Spring
18 in
Indian blanket1 Gaillardia sp.
7
S
Reddish-yellow Spring to fall
18 in
Lantana1 Lantana sp.
1, 2, 3, 6
S
Many Spring to fall
1-2 ft
Louisiana iris Iris fulva x Iris giganticaerulea x Iris foliosa
7
E
Many Spring
3 ft
Mealy cup sage1 Salvia farinacea
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Blue, white, purple Spring, summer, fall
3 ft
Mexican oregano Poliomentha longiflora
1, 2, 3, 6
S
Pink Summer
1-2 ft
Mexican sage Salvia leucantha
2, 3
S
Blue Spring to fall
3-4 ft
Moonbeam/ Zagreb coreopsis1 Coreopsis verticillata
7
S
Yellow, orange Late spring, summer
2-3 ft
Pavonia1 Pavonia lasiopetala
1, 2, 3
E
Pink Spring to fall
3-4 ft
Perennial verbena1 Verbena sp.
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Many Spring to fall
6 in - 1 ft
Pink rain lily1 Zephyranthes grandiflora
7
E
Pink Summer
1 ft
Purple coneflower1 Echinacea angustifolia
7
S
Purple Spring to fall
18 in
Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Blue Summer, fall
1-4 ft
Society garlic Tulbaghia violacea
7
E
Lavender Spring to fall
18 in
Sweet violet Viola odorata
7
Sh
Purple Winter, spring
6-8 in
White rain lily1 Zephyranthes candida
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
White Summer
1 ft
Grasses

Big bluestem1


Andropogon gerardii

7

S
 
Summer, fall

3-4 ft
Fountain grass Pennisetum ruppelii
7
S
  Summer
3 ft
Muhly grass1 Muehlenbergia lindheimeri
2, 3, 4, 6
S
  Summer
3 ft
Pampas grass Cortaderia selloana
7
S
  Summer, fall
7 ft
Purple autumn grass Miscanthus sinensis
7
S
  Summer
3-4 ft
Sideoats gramma1 Bouteloua curtipendula
7
S
  Summer
2-3 ft

 

1Texas native 2 S = Sun; Sh = Full to partial shade; E = Either

 

Table 4. Outstanding Shrubs for Texas.

Common name

Scientific name

Best adapted for

Exposure

Notes

Dwarf Shrubs (1 to 3 feet tall)
Dwarf burford holly Ilex cornuta rotunda burfordii
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Dwarf Chinese holly Ilex cornuta rotunda
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Dwarf pittosporum Pittosporum tobira wheeleri
1, 2, 3
E
Small, round evergreen
Dwarf yaupon holly1 Ilex vomitoria nana
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Nandina: harbour dwarf, gulf stream, nana Nandina sp.
7
E
Reddish evergreen foliage
Red yucca1 Hesperaloe parvifolia
7
S
Red flowers on tall spikes
Rosemary Rosmarinus officinalis
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Fragrant bluish-green foliage; blue flowers; herb
Small Shrubs (3 to 5 feet tall)
Barberry Berberis thunbergii atropurpurea
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
S
Red evergreen foliage
Bridal wreath spirea Spirea cantoniensis

(S. reevesiana)

7
E
Sprawling; fern-like; white spring blooms
China rose Rosa chinensis
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Hardy; long-blooming; pest resistant; varieties: Old Blush (pink) and Cramoisi Superior (red)
Dwarf burford holly Ilex cornuta rotunda burfordii
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Dwarf palmetto1 Sabal minor
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Trunkless, bushy palm
Flowering quince Chaenomeles japonica
7
S
Deciduous shrub; spring blooming (red, pink, white or orange)
Glossy abelia Abelia grandiflora
7
E
Bronze evergreen foliage and white flowers
Grayleaf cotoneaster Cotoneaster glaucophylla
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
E
Sprawling evergreen shrub; dusty gray foliage
Indian hawthorne Raphiolepis indica
7
E
Spring flowering; blue berries in fall; evergreen
Japanese boxwood Buxus japonica
7
E
Evergreen foliage
Juniper Juniperus sp.
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
S
Tough, evergreen shrub; many varieties available
Nandina compact Nandina domestica compacta
7
E
Reddish evergreen foliage and red fall berries
Tea rose Rosa odorata
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Hardy; long-blooming; pest resistant; excellent varieties: Mrs. B.R. Cant (rose), Mrs. Dudley Cross (yellow) and Duchesse de Brandant (pink)
Medium Shrubs (6 to 9 feet tall)
Agarita1 Mahonia trifoliata
2, 3, 4, 6
S
Holly-like evergreen foliage; yellow spring flowers; red edible berries
Althea Hibiscus syriacas
7
S
Upright; deciduous; many colors; summer blooming
Burford holly Ilex cornuta burfordii
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Central Texas sage1 Leucophyllum sp.
2, 3, 4, 6
S
Dusty gray evergreen foliage; blooms throughout summer; several new varieties: Green-cloud (green foliage) and other TAMU releases
Chinese horned holly Ilex cornuta
7
E
Glossy evergreen foliage
Eleagnus Eleagnus fruitlandi
7
S
Evergreen with grayish-green foliage
Forsythia Forsythia intermedia spectabilis
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
E
Yellow spring flowers
Fraser photinia Photinia x fraseri
7
E
Red new foliage; evergreen
Glossy abelia Abelia grandiflora
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
E
Bronze evergreen foliage; white or pink flowers
Green pittosporum Pittosporum tobira
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Large evergreen shrub
Indian hawthorne Raphiolepis indica
7
E
Spring flowering; blue berries in fall; evergreen
Italian jasmine Jasminum humile
7
S
Sprawling evergreen; yellow summer flowers
Juniper Juniperus sp.
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
S
Tough evergreen; many varieties
Nandina Nandina domestica
7
E
Reddish evergreen foliage; red fall berries
Pomegranate Punica granatum
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Large, upright shrub; orange blooms; edible fruit; dwarf variety: Chico
Variegated pittosporum Pittosporum tobira variegata
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Green/white variegated evergreen shrub
Winter honeysuckle Lonicera fragrantissima
7
E
Fragrant clusters of white flowers in winter
Large Shrubs (10 to 25 feet tall)
Arizona cypress Cupressus arizonica
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
S
Evergreen for specimen and windbreak plantings
California fan palm Washingtonia filifera
1, 2, 3
S
Tree-like palm
Cherry laurel1 Prunus caroliniana
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
E
Tree-like evergreen shrub
Chinese photinia Photinia serrulata
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
E
Evergreen; red spring foliage; white spring blooms
Crape myrtle Lagerstroemia indica
7
S
Shrubby to tree-like; summer blooming; many flower colors available
Oleander Nerium oleander
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Evergreen foliage; summer blooming; many colors available
Possumhaw1 Ilex decidua
1, 2, 3, 4
S
Deciduous holly; red to orange berries persist through early winter
Texas mountain laurel1 Sophora secundiflora
2, 3, 6
E
Tree-like evergreen shrub; purple spring flowers
Texas palmetto1 Sabal texana
1, 2, 3, 6
S
Tall, native Texas palm
Texas persimmon1 Diospyros texana
2, 3, 6
S
Tree-like; light gray trunk; fruit edible by animals
Vitex Vitex agnus-castus
7
S
Tree-like; flowers blue or white; summer blooming
Windmill palm Trachycarpus fortunei
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
S
Tree-like; fibrous bark
Yaupon holly1 Ilex vomitoria
7
E
Upright evergreen, spineless holly; red to orange berries

 

 

Table 5. Outstanding Trees for Texas. 

Common name Scientific name Best adapted for Notes
Small Trees (20 to 35 feet tall)
Aristocrat pear Pyrus calleryana 'Aristocrat'
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
Spring flowers; fall color
Bradford pear Pyrus calleryana 'Bradford'
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
Spring flowers; fall color
Canaert redcedar1 Juniperus virginiana
7
Evergreen for specimen or windbreak
Chinese pistache Pistacia chinensis
7
Spreading canopy; fall color
Crabapple Mallus sp.
1, 3, 4, 5, 6
Spring flowering tree; many varieties
Desert willow1 Chilopsis linearis
2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Snapdragon-like flowers in summer; willow-like foliage
Eldarica pine Pinus eldarica
2, 3, 4, 6
Best pine for alkaline soils; Christmas tree-shaped
Fan d'Arc osage orange Maclura pomifera 'Fan d'Arc'
7
Improved fruitless selection
Honey mesquite1 Prosopis glandulosa
2, 3, 4, 6
Lacy spreading form
Japanese black pine Pinus thunbergii
7
Rounded small tree; adapted to alkaline soils
Japanese persimmon Diospyros kaki
7
Edible showy fruit; glossy green foliage
Mexican plum1 Prunus mexicana
7
Fragrant spring flowers; attractive trunk
Panicled golden raintree Koelreuteria paniculata
3, 4, 5, 6
Showy flowers and seed pods
Redbud1 Cercis sp.
7
Spring blooming; excellent varieties: Oklahoma and Forest Pansy
Soapberry1 Sapindus drummondii
7
Fall color
Texas ebony1 Pithecellobium flexicaule
2
Airy foliage and flowers
Wild olive1 Corida boissieri
2
White flowers and bold foliage
Large Trees (above 35 feet tall)
Bald cypress1 Taxodium distichum
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
Deciduous conifer; fine textured foliage; fall color
Bur oak1 Quercus macrocarpa
7
Bold foliage; huge acorns
Cedar elm1 Ulmus crassifolia
7
Upright growth habit; good street tree
Chinquapin oak1 Quercus muhlenbergii
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
Round-topped tree; bold foliage
Deodar cedar Cedrus deodora
7
Bluish-green conifer
Honey locust Gleditsia triacanthos
2, 3, 4, 5, 6
Thornless varieties available
Lace bark elm Ulmus parvifolia
7
Textured bark; spreading shade tree
Live oak1 Quercus virginiana
1, 2, 3, 4, 6
Evergreen shade tree
Pecan1 Carya illinoensis
7
State tree; edible nuts
Shumard oak1 Quercus shumardii
1, 2, 3, 4, 5
Fall color
Texas red oak1 Quercus texana
7
Fall color

1 Texas native

Source: http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/extension/xeriscape/table1.html

Other Useful Links: http://aggie-horticulture.tamu.edu/texasnativetrees/

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